Use tax is imposed on the use, storage or consumption of tangible personal property in Missouri, unless the purchase is subject to sales tax or there is a specific exemption listed in Chapter 144.
Sales tax is applicable on all retail sales made from a location within the state of Missouri. Vendor's use tax is applicable on all sales made by out-of-state vendors where goods are shipped into Missouri and where title passes within the state of Missouri.
Vendor's Use Tax
Out of state sellers collecting and remitting Missouri use tax are required to file on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis. Your filing frequency is determined by the amount of state tax (4 percent for regular locations and 1 percent for food locations) due. Local tax is not included when figuring your filing frequency. The filing frequency is determined by the total state tax due on the return as a whole, not by each location.
If you collect state taxes of $500 or more per month, please report on a monthly basis.
If you collect over $45 per quarter but less than $500 per month, you should file on a quarterly basis. The quarters are as follows: January through March, April through June, July through September, and October through December.
If you collect less than $45 per quarter, please file on an annual basis.
Consumer's Use Tax
Purchasers filing consumer's use tax should file returns on a quarterly basis.
Missouri cannot require out-of-state companies that do not have nexus or a "direct connection" with the state to collect and remit use tax. If an out-of-state seller does not collect use tax from the purchaser, the purchaser is responsible for remitting the use tax to Missouri
A seller not engaged in business is not required to collect Missouri tax but the purchaser in these instances is responsible for remitting use tax to Missouri. A purchaser is required to file a use tax return if the cumulative purchases subject to use tax exceed two thousand dollars in a calendar year.
Note: The timely 2 percent payment allowance is not allowed when paying consumer's use tax.
The Department, is no longer printing and mailing these forms to businesses. Returns can be conveniently filed electronically through our MyTax Missouri Portal. If you are not yet registered for this service, you can file as a guest user. To register you will need your Missouri Tax Identification Number (MOID) and Personal Identification Number (PIN). This service also provides up to date account statuses, as well as easily accessible copies of returns filed through this system. Paper filings can still be completed using forms found online on the Department's website, but may result in a delay in processing time.
The below forms can be found online at https://dor.mo.gov/forms/.
53-1, Missouri Sales Tax Return
53-V, Missouri Vendor’s Use Tax Return
53-C, Consumer’s Use Tax Return
Your filing frequency is reviewed by the Department of Revenue on an Annual basis. If this review indicates that your filing frequency should be changed, the change will be made and notification will be sent to you.
Note: It is very important you keep your address information current with the department.
Monthly returns are due on or by the 20th of the following month, except on quarter ending months. For example, your monthly February return is due on or before March 20. The due dates listed on the chart below for quarterly returns, should be followed when filing quarter ending months such as March, June, September, and December.
Quarterly returns are due on or before the last day of the month following the end of the quarter. For example, your return for the January through March period would be due on or before April 30.
Annual vendor's use tax returns are due on or before January 31 of the next year. Annual consumer's use tax returns are due on or before April 15 of the next year.
|Monthly Reporting||Quarterly Reporting||Annual Reporting|
When the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday or state of Missouri holiday, the return is due the next business day.
Download a copy of our current tax year calendar indicating due dates for all tax types.
When the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or a holiday, your return will be considered timely filed if it is postmarked by the next business day.
Yes. Every business registered for use tax is required to file a return even though no sales or purchases were made during the period covered by the return.
No. Negative taxable sales or purchases cannot be filed for a location on the return.
When the credits allowed are greater than the tax collected, an amended return and Seller's Claim for Sales or Use Tax Refund or Credit (Form 472S) must be filed for the period in which the sales or purchases were originally filed.
No. Negative taxable sales or purchases cannot be filed for a location on the return.
When the credits allowed are greater than the tax collected, an amended return and Purchaser's Claim Under Section 144.190.4(2) for Sales or Use Tax Refund (Form 472P) must be filed for the period in which the sales or purchases were originally filed.
Gross receipts equal the total amount of sales your business had for the period in which you are filing the return.
Taxable sales equal the total amount of sales your business had for the period in which you are filing the return plus or minus any sales on which you did not collect use tax. These are claimed in the adjustments column of your return.
Note:Your taxable sales should always equal your gross receipts plus or minus any adjustments.
Every vendor must file a use tax return showing the amount of taxable sales to his or her customers, as required by law.
The amount of use tax collected should not be included in your gross receipts. If the use tax is included in your gross receipts, it should be backed out. To back this out, take your total amount of gross receipts, including the sales tax, divide (100% plus your current tax rate).
Gross Receipts including Sales Tax = $2,500
Current Sales Tax Rate = 5.725%
Divide $2,500 by 105.725% = $2,364.63
Your gross receipts should be reported as $2,364.63
Note: A record of the adjustment claimed on each return must be maintained in your files. The Department of Revenue will review this information if you are audited.
On all vendor's use tax returns filed and paid by the required due date, you are granted a 2 percent timely payment allowance. Take the amount of tax due times 2 percent. Then subtract this amount from the amount of tax due.
$100.00 tax due
$100.00 X 2% timely allowance = $2.00.
$100.00 - $2.00 = $98.00
In this example, the amount of tax due would be $98.00.
Your use tax return is considered timely if it is postmarked on or before the required due date. If a metered postmark differs from the U.S. Postal Service postmark, the U.S. Postal Service postmark will be used as evidence of timely filing.
Vendors may be required to collect and remit any local taxes that are due to a Missouri political subdivision that has imposed the local option use tax.
In the past, all use tax transactions could be reported as one location. With the implementation of the local option use tax, these vendors are required to separately report their transactions by delivery location.
Page one of your use tax return, with more than one page, is used to report your total vendor's and consumer's use tax. Your actual tax liability must be broken down on the pages attached. This is necessary to allow for the proper distribution of local use tax.
Some counties and cities have elected to have a local use tax. The counties and cities not listed on your return do not have a local use tax. All the sales/purchases for these counties and cities may be combined and filed on the line marked “state tax only.”
You should not include food sales in the figures reported on the full tax rate line. Food sales should be reported on the line for food sales only. If you qualify for food sales and you do not find a location for food on your return, please contact the Taxation Division, (573) 751-5860.
Nonfood Items or Food Items:
The term “non-food items” include those products not listed under the Federal Food Stamp Program.
The term “food items” include only those products and types of food for which food stamps may be redeemed pursuant to the Federal Food Stamp Program as contained in 7 USC Section 2012.
A business whose gross receipts from sales of food and drink prepared by the business for immediate consumption, either on or off the premises, and are 80% or less of its total gross receipts, must remit tax on its qualifying food sales at a reduced state tax rate of 1.225% plus any applicable local tax. Sales of qualifying food through vending machines are also subject to the reduced tax rate. See Chapter 144.014, RSMo for a more detailed description.
To obtain the current rate for a particular city and/or county and a rate chart, you may download a current use tax rate table (listing all cities and counties) from the department's web site or you may contact the department at (573) 751-2836.
Local use tax increases or decreases take place on the first day of each calendar quarter. Your business will only be notified of the changes that directly affect your registered business locations. This information will be mailed to the address currently on file with the department. Failure to be notified does not relieve you of the tax.
Note: It is important to maintain accurate address information with the Department of Revenue.
Interest may be calculated in two ways:
Multiply the total amount of tax due by the current annual percentage rate . Multiply the result by the number of days late. Then divide that amount by 365 (366 if within a leap year). The following are examples based on the interest rate for tax year 2004.
$100.00 x 4% = $4.00
$4.00 x 30 days late = $120.00
$120.00 divided by 366 = $.33 or
Multiply the total amount of tax due by the daily rate . Multiply the result by the number of days late.
$100.00 x .0001093 = $.0109
$.0109 x 30 days late = $.33 or
Use the Department of Revenue's interest and additions calculator.
The interest rate is subject to change each year. Any change that may occur, will take effect on January 1.
Additions to tax is a penalty charged for failure to pay or failure to file the required use tax return(s) by the due date.
When your use tax return has been filed, but not paid by the required due date, you should calculate your penalty by multiplying the tax amount due by 5 percent. This penalty does not increase.
When no use tax return has been filed, you should calculate your penalty by multiplying the tax amount due by 5 percent for each month you are late. This penalty increases each month you fail to file a return. The maximum amount of penalty is 25 percent.
Note: Interest should not be calculated on the amount of additions to tax due.
Please visit our website to use our interest and additions calculator.
The Director of Revenue will issue credits for any valid amounts overpaid on your account upon request. This credit should be claimed on the appropriate line on the return.
Credits should not be taken without the prior approval of the department. The department will apply any credits to prior or future balances on your account, without notification.
No. A special form is not needed to file an amended or an additional return. A copy of the original form may be used. Indicate additional or amended by writing it on the return. For additional sales tax forms, click here.
If you still have questions, please check out other Business Tax FAQs.
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